Many thoughts and ideas spring to mind at the mention of the words painted art. There are many artists that catch our attention at the museums and in private collections in one's home.
We mostly judge the painting by the looks; we find something particularly interesting about it, that catches our attention and interest. But we rarely think about the style of art, and we probably couldn't tell right away which painter uses which style. Here are three distinctive art styles, and the painters that represent them.
Let's start with Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse and Paul Gauguin. They were Cubists. Distinctive features of Cubism are geometrical shapes that serve as a basis for the painting. The word itself comes from the fact that the predominant geometrical shape were the cubes. They believed that everything that surrounded them, be it a human being or a still nature, can be successfully depicted on the canvas through geometrical shapes.
Their goal was to deconstruct the object before them, and give it a 3-dimensional feel. Another thing is the limited range of colors that is used for painting. These colors were mostly earthly tones of yellow, brown, and gray.
All three of these painters have been influenced by the sculptures and other forms of art that were custom in Native America and Africa. They were inspired by the simplicity of forms and style of these cultures.
Next we have the abstract style. It is, in a way, a continuation of Cubism. It had preserved the idea of incorporating all geometrical shapes into the painting, oftentimes stretching and distorting the image to such an extent that the object was unrecognizable.
Abstract painters are focused on depicting what is inside their soul. Their brush strokes are short but energetic. They paint a very thin line between heaven and earth, “up” and “down”, good and bad. The movement of the brush is spontaneous, and yet there is a certain consistency to it.
A famous painter of abstract paintings was Jackson Pollock. His art was denied and criticized by the realists, who claimed that this style of painting was a horrible attack on art.
He was given a nickname “Jack the Dripper”, because he never finished a painting without dripping the paint directly from the brush, while standing above the painting.
Realism is yet another famous style of art. Whereas abstract style and Cubism were focused on distorting the image, or giving it a third dimension using geometrical shapes, the realists were adamant about painting it “like it is”.
Their goal was to portray the object in such a way that it looked real, and almost tangible on the canvas.
We can look at the realists as a kind of journalists. They were only interested in the truth behind what they painted. They wanted to show the multiple layers of the society that they lived in. This wasn't a general rule, but most paintings that were made by realists were painted in long, gentle strokes. Red, blue, gray, black and white were the predominant colors on the paintings.
The famous realist painter was Gustave Coubert, who believed that a painter must stick to his own experience as a basis of his work, in order to portray it realistically.
However, Edouard Manet shocked the realists with his painting called The Luncheon on the Grass. Although the details were realistic, the whole concept of a naked woman sitting on the grass with two fully clothed gentlemen was thought to be scandalous at the time.